KATHMANDU DURBAR SQUARE
This complex of places, country yards, and temples built between the 12th and 18th used to be the seat of ancient malla kings of Kathmandu. An interesting object here is the 17th century stone inscription set into the wall of the palace with writings in 15 language.
The durbar square protected as a UNESCO world heritage site. This is the social, religious and urban focal point of city. There are also museums inside the palace building.
HANUMANDHOKA (Durbar Square)
It is the historic seat of royalty. The durbar square, with its old temples and places, epitomizes the religious and cultural life of the people. It is here that kings of Nepal are crowned and their coronations solemnized. Interesting things to see here are; Taleju Temple built by King Mahendra Malla in 1549 A. D. Kal Bhairav, the God of destruction, Nautalle Durbar, Coronation Nasal Chok, the Gaddi Baithak, the statue of King Pratap Malla, the Big Bell, Big Drum and, the Jagannath Temple. On the right-hand corner, larger wooden latticescreen hides an enormous gilded face of Sweta Bhairav. The screen is removed only during the Indra Jatra festival.
SWAYMBHUNATH STUPA, KATHMANDU
This is the second holiest place of Buddhism in Nepal. Swayambhunath is perched on hilltop over looking Kathmandu and is a complex of temples including Nepal? most famous landmark, this large stupa adorned with eyes watching over the Kathmandu valley.
Swayambhunath located 6.5 km west of Kathmandu is popularly called Swayambhu which means self-existent". This shrine is dedicated to the supreme Adi-Buddha. Its religious significance is also described in the Swayambhu Purana written in the 15th century.
Bouddlianath Stupa a world heritage site lies about 6km to the east of downtown Kathmandu is the largest stupa in the Valley. It looms 36 meters high and presents one of the most fascinating specimens of stupa design. Bouddhanath is also known as Rhasti. There are more than 45 Buddhist monasteries In the area.
Pashupatinath Temple is the most sacred Hindu shrines in the world, lies 5 km east of the city center, is also world heritage site. The richly-ornamented pagoda houses the sacred linga, or phallic symbol, of Lord Shiva. Chronicles indicate the temple’s existence prior to 400 AD. Devotees can he seen taking ritual dips in the holy Bagmati river flowing beside the temple.
PATAN DURBAR SQUARE:
Patan Durbar Square located at the city centre is the focal point of all the heritages in Lalitpur, the other name of the Patan city which means city of Fine arts. This palace complex from where the ancient rulers of this city ruled consists of 19 monuments in and around it. The Durbar Square was designated as World heritage site in 1979. It is small but has been successful in preserving its original character than other palaces of the Kathmandu valley. It is most impressive architectural site with complex of temples.
BHAKTAPUR DURBAR SQUARE:
As you walk in, you cannot but be overcome by a feeling of inner harmony. Such is the art and architecture and the spacial layout here. The 15th-century Palace of 55 Windows, situated to the left as you enter through the city gate, inspires admiration. In the fron tof the palace building is a medley of temples of vaious designs. The place entrance, Golden Gate is a masterpices in repousse art.
NAGARKOT(POPULAR SUNRISE VIEW POINT NEAR KATHMANDU):
Nagarkot is situated 32 krns east of Kathmandu at an altitude of 2175 m above sea level. Nagarkot is a popular tourist destination of Nepal. The panorama of the major peaks of eastern Nepal Himalayas including Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest), can be seen from here. The Himalayan peaks like Manaslu (8463 in). Ganesh Hinial (7111 in), Langtang(7246 in), Choba Bhanre(60l6 in), Gaurishanker (7134 m) and number (6957 in), are also clearly seen from Nagarkot (weather permitting).